关于安立甘宗你应知道的十件事

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关于安立甘宗你应知道的十件事

10 Things You Should Know about Anglicanism

一、安立甘宗不是始于亨利八世的离婚。

1. It didn’t start with the divorce of Henry VIII.

实际上,安立甘宗始于一世纪的基督教,当罗马人定居英国时,基督徒士兵、管理者和贸易者来到这里。一开始提到我们英国的基督教是从特土良的作品中,在公元200年写道“英格兰的部分人是被基督战胜”。很快在英国的基督徒发展了他们自己崇拜三一上帝的方式,涉及关注受造世界和传教的美好。在英格兰的凯尔特教会不同于罗马,在十四世纪时崇拜的许多方面不同。

Actually, it started in the very first centuries of Christianity when Romans settled Britain and Christians came as soldiers, administrators and traders. The first mention we have of English Christianity comes from Tertullian who wrote in 200 AD that “parts of England were conquered by Christ.”

Very soon, Christians in Britain developed their own way of worshiping the triune God, involving attention to the beauty of the created world and missions. The Celtic church in England differed with Rome over many points of worship, and in the fourteenth century.

二、到十四世纪,英格兰已经发展了特有的灵性。

2. By the fourteenth Century, England had developed a distinctive spirituality.

根植于两位基督徒大师教义和祈祷的综合方面:希坡的奥古斯丁——伟大的神学家,他的《忏悔录》是延伸的祈祷;努西亚的本笃,他的修院将基督徒生活塑造为工作寓于礼仪的祈祷。到了十四世纪,英国基督教一直受到奥古斯丁强调犯罪的”悲观”和本笃强调日常生活快乐的”乐观”影响。

It was rooted in the synthesis of doctrine and prayer taught by two Christian greats: Augustine of Hippo—the great theologian whose Confessions are an extended prayer— and Benedict of Nursia, whose monasteries modeled the Christian life as work amidst liturgical prayer. By the fourteenth century, English Christianity had long been influenced by both Augustine’s “pessimistic” emphasis on sin and Benedict’s “optimistic”

stress on joy in common life.

三、安立甘宗不只是属于英国人或美国人。

3. Anglicanism is not just for the English or for Americans.

今天,大多数安立甘教友是在非洲和全球南方的其他地区。每个教省都用自己的文化崇拜上帝,使用《公祷书》和《三十九条信纲》正统。

Today the majority of Anglicans are in Africa and other regions of the Global South. Each province uses its own culture to worship God with the Book of Common Prayer and the orthodoxy of the Thirty-Nine Articles.

四、主日早晨尼日利亚的教会中的安立甘教友比不列颠群岛和北美的总和还多。

4. There are more Anglicans in church on Sunday morning in Nigeria than in all the British Isles and North America combined.

五、安立甘宗是继罗马公教会和东方正教会之后世界上第三大基督徒群体,有8500万成员。

5. With a membership of about 85 million, Anglicanism is the third-largest Christian communion in the world, after the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church.

六、安立甘宗认为他们的方式是“中间道路”(via media

6. Anglicans consider their way to be a via media.

这意味着罗马公教会和新教之间的”中间道路”。他们认为他们两者都有最好的——第一个千年的不可分割的教会大公传统崇拜,加上强调宗教改革中信仰的宣讲和称义。

This means the “middle way” between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. They think they have the best of both—the worship of the catholic tradition of the undivided Church of the first millennium, plus the emphasis on preaching and justification by faith from the Reformation.

七、安立甘的《公祷书》被广泛认为是英语中最美的崇拜。

7. The Anglican Book of Common Prayer is widely regarded as the most beautiful worship in the English language.

《公祷书》的“极其华丽的散文”(Eamon Duffy)吸引着全世界大批崇拜者。这反映了托马斯·克兰麦的礼仪天才,但它也提供了现代人对早期教会的崇拜。

The “sombrely magnificent prose” (Eamon Duffy) of the Book of Common Prayer has attracted legions of admirers all around the world. It reflects the liturgical genius of Thomas Cranmer, but it also provides moderns access to the worship of the early church.

克兰麦,以及制作《公祷书》的许多其他助手,正在适应一种基本的大公崇拜模式,这种模式源自教会的最初几个世纪,并在中世纪发展。

Cranmer, and the many other hands that produced the Book of Common Prayer, were adapting a basic catholic pattern of worship derived from the first few centuries of the Church that then developed over the course of the Middle Ages.

八、安立甘的崇拜不只是礼仪(按教会年的节期每个主日所定的祈祷),也带有圣礼。

8. Anglicans worship not only with liturgy (ordered prayer that changes every Sunday of the seasons of the church year), but also with sacraments.

两个主的圣礼(由教会的主,耶稣的命令):洗礼和圣餐,和五个”教会的圣礼”——坚信礼,按立圣职礼,婚礼,赦罪礼,和病人的医治。

These are the two Dominical (commanded by the Dominus, or Lord, of the Church, Jesus) sacraments of baptism and Eucharist, and the five “sacraments of the church”— confirmation, Holy Orders, marriage, absolution, and healing of the sick.

九、安立甘教友相信在圣餐中,他们接受复活基督的真实身体和宝血/圣体血。

9. Anglicans believe that in the Eucharist, they receive the real body and blood of the risen Christ.

这不同于天主教的变质说,天主教认为饼和葡萄酒的物质被改变,因此它们不再是饼和葡萄酒。安立甘宗相信饼和葡萄酒仍然是饼和葡萄酒,但是,以一种奥秘的方式,基督的身体和宝血也通过圣礼传递。

This differs with the Catholic view of transubstantiation, which holds that the substance of the bread and wine are changed so that they are no longer bread and wine. Anglicans believe the bread and wine remain as bread and wine, but that in a mysterious way, the body and blood of Christ are also conveyed through the sacrament.

十、然而托马斯 克兰麦(Thomas Cranmer ,1489-1556)是英国改革最伟大的礼仪权威。理查德 胡克尔(Richard Hooker ,1554-1600),被广泛认为是安立甘最伟大的神学家。

10. While Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556) was the English Reformation’s greatest liturgist, Richard Hooker (1554-1600) is widely regarded as its greatest theologian.

他的《论教会政体》综合处理了生活和中间路线的崇拜。

His Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity are a comprehensive treatment of life and worship on the via media.

Gerald R. McDermott(爱荷华州大学,哲学博士)是一位著名的约拿单爱德华兹学者并是一位安立甘宗神父。他担任安立甘宗比森神学院院长,是二十多本书的作者和编辑。

Gerald R. McDermott (PhD, University of Iowa) is a renowned Jonathan Edwards scholar and an Anglican priest. He serves as the Anglican Chair of Divinity at Beeson Divinity School and is the author and editor of more than twenty books.